Conscious effort was put forth to recruit participants from diverse educational and marital backgrounds, as well as participants with children with various disability diagnoses. As persons with disabilities enter puberty, they experience the same desires and physiological responses in regards to sexuality as other adolescents, which is often overwhelming to parents Bernert, Communication Regarding Sexuality Attachment Theory is a model for understanding how development of communication skills originates from parents and explains how a high level of parent attachment security will lead a child to have high communication competency with peers Black et al. Subjects were given no compensation for their participation. Persons with disabilities have the basic human right to enjoy sex as a leisure pursuit and for their sexual interests to reside on a continuum as seen in typically developing persons. The sexuality educational program addressed the following issues: Attitudes Regarding Disability The idea of adolescents as sexual beings is especially challenging for those involved in the care of individuals with special needs, since a stigma attaches to sexual feelings and desires in this social group Earle Intervention Description An hour-long face-to-face education program on sexuality development was conducted by the researchers, one of whom is a trained health education specialist, after the baseline assessment.
None of the subjects in the study chose to withdraw at any time. The questionnaire was administered at the baseline and the post-intervention assessment was done after two weeks of the intervention. The intervention was adapted from an existing power point presentation from www2. Seventeen parents read the recruiting script and fifteen agreed to participate. Selection Participants willing to be part of the study signed an informed consent form. Fifteen parents participated in one-hour-long face-to-face intervention training and pre-tests, and post-tests were evaluated. The presentation reinforced the idea that parents have potential to provide accurate information and can help correct any incorrect information their children may have. The intervention was presented to each subject individually in a power point presentation, and each subject viewed the presentation on a laptop computer as well as on a hard copy. However, parents of children with disabilities are underrepresented in these intervention studies. Parents and caregivers sometimes resort to extreme measures such as tubal ligation and vasectomies to prevent pregnancy as the only means of protection, forgoing education as a means to prevent pregnancy Bernert Persons with disabilities have the basic human right to enjoy sex as a leisure pursuit and for their sexual interests to reside on a continuum as seen in typically developing persons. General guidelines for parents about sexuality education were also presented. The concept of Sexuality and sexuality education which includes discussions on the goals of human sexuality education program - promoting a positive self-image as well as developing competence and confidence in social abilities. Subjects were given no compensation for their participation. According to DiGiulio , individuals with developmental disabilities often lack access to information specific to their individual circumstances and particularly about appropriate expression of their sexuality. Due to the limited number of studies and their inconsistency, it is imperative to conduct more studies to help equip these parents to educate their disabled children about sexuality. Methods Design and Instrument A within subjects design was utilized and 15 parents of children with disabilities were recruited to receive a two-week sexuality education program without a control group. Children first learn skills from parents and then use those skills in peer relationships. All the data collected were kept confidential. As persons with disabilities enter puberty, they experience the same desires and physiological responses in regards to sexuality as other adolescents, which is often overwhelming to parents Bernert, At pre-contemplation the individual does not think about change; contemplation is where the individual begins to think about change; preparation is a stage in which the individual gets ready for change; action is where the individual implements behavior change; maintenance is where the individual sustains the change behavior, and at the termination stage individual successfully completes the behavior change. The intervention change the participants sexual communication behavior and increased knowledge about sexuality education with children with disabilities Keywords: TTM is predicated on the assumption that individuals move through six stages of change: What we feel we have to share with others Disabilities among Children and Youth and Myths about Sexuality and Disability. Subjects were given free to stop participating withdraw at any time without penalty. Communication Regarding Sexuality Attachment Theory is a model for understanding how development of communication skills originates from parents and explains how a high level of parent attachment security will lead a child to have high communication competency with peers Black et al.
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