Sex offender registries in the United States consist of federal and state level systems designed to collect information of convicted sex offenders for law enforcement and public notification purposes. However, the study also found that making sex offender registration publicly available may deter some potential first time sex offenders from committing an offense that would get them on the registry in the first place. If a felon in Florida is convicted of enough non-sexual felonies in a certain period of time, however, they are required to register for the rest of their life on a "Habitual Offender" registry that is available to the general public. This is contrary to media depictions of stranger assaults or child molesters who kidnap children unknown to them. Public Indecency , in violation of C. Regardless of whether they are at work, offenders must extinguish all outside residential lighting and post a sign stating, "No candy or treats at this residence - sex offender at this residence".
However political lobby group the Sensible Sentencing Trust has criticised the proposed register for its lack of public access. Some states appear to apply "catch-all" statutes for former registrants moving into their jurisdiction, requiring registration and public posting of information, even when the person has completed their original registration period. Sex offenders' spouses and children can also face harassment and financial hardship as a result of their loved one's sex offender status. Sex offender registries in the United States consist of federal and state level systems designed to collect information of convicted sex offenders for law enforcement and public notification purposes. At least one state Illinois reclassifies all registrants moving in the state into the highest possible tier Sexual Predator , regardless of the original tier of the person, leading to a lifetime registration requirement and being publicly labelled as a "Sexual Predator". Thus, identical offenses committed in different states could produce very different outcomes in terms of public disclosure and registration period. Montana, for example, has a publicly accessible violent offender registry that includes crimes such as aggravated assault, robbery, assaulting a police officer, both deliberate and non-deliberate homicide and a third conviction for domestic violence. Information pertaining to names, addresses, physical description and vehicles are made public via official websites. In other states, offenders are categorized according to the tier level related to statute of conviction. It records the details of anyone convicted of a sexual offence against a child or a mentally disabled person. Level Tier I, Level II, and Level III offenders, information is usually accessible related to that level information being more accessible to the public for higher level offenders. Public disclosure of sex offender information[ edit ] Currently, only the United States allows, and more often than not requires public disclosure of offender information, regardless of individual risk. People listed on the register are prohibited from working with children or mentally disabled people, from managing institutions that care for children or mentally disabled people, and from being foster parents or adoptive parents. News reports in revealed that some registered sex offenders were living outside or under the Julia Tuttle Causeway in Miami, Florida because Miami-Dade County ordinances, which are more restrictive than Florida's state laws, made it virtually impossible for them to find housing. New Zealand[ edit ] The New Zealand government has plans to introduce a sex offenders register by the end of It will be managed by the New Zealand Police and information will be shared between the Police, Child, Youth and Family , the Department of Corrections , the Ministry of Social Development , and the Department of Building and Housing —government agencies which deal with child safety. In the late s, a study showed that Indiana sex offenders have recidivism of about 1. The results of the study were that sex offender recidivism was, in fact, slightly lower in states where sex offenders were not required to register. Several challenges to some parts of state level sex offender laws have succeeded, however. It will also include individuals who have been granted name suppression. Persons who are registered Sex Offenders from other jurisdictions are not registered when they immigrate or are deported to Trinidad and Tobago. This proposed register has received support from both the ruling National Party and the opposition Labour Party. However, since sex crimes are the most under-reported crimes,  whether or not the Department of Justice's 5. Other countries do not make sex offender information public, unless the risk assessment has been conducted and the offender has been determined to pose a high risk of re-offending. All 50 states and District of Columbia maintain registries that are open to public via sex offender registration websites, although some registered sex offenders are visible to law enforcement only. This is contrary to media depictions of stranger assaults or child molesters who kidnap children unknown to them. In general, in states applying risk-based registry schemes, low-risk Tier I offenders are often excluded from the public disclosure.
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